The communication technology has taken a big leap forward and received the national recognition as the key driver for development and growth. The gross telephone subscribers in the country reached to about 272.88 million as of December, 2007. (Mobile telephone subscribes about 233.63 million) The over all teledensity reached 23.89 percent in December, 2007. India is now one of the largest in the world in terms of gross telephone subscribers and second largest in Asia. At the end of December 2007, total broadband connections in the country have reached 3.13 million. The broadband subscribers are expected to be around 20 million by 2010. India has taken a leading position in the mobile handsets market. Some of the world renowned mobile set manufacturers have set up production base for mobile hand sets in the country and many others are planning to set up their manufacturing base in India to meet local demands and service international markets.
PRODUCTION OF TELECOM EQUIPMENTS
Production of Telecom Equipment during the year 2008-09 registered a growth of 31.71 percent (15.30 percent in US$ terms) over the year 2007-08. In value terms production of telecom equipments increased from Rs. 18700 crore (US$ 4645 million) estimated in 2007-08 to Rs. 24630 crore (US$ 5355 million) in the year 2008-09.
EXPORT OF TELECOM EQUIPMENTS
Export of Telecom Equipments registered a very high growth during the year 2008-09. Export of Telecom Equipments during 2008-09 is estimated to Rs. 12276 crore (US$ 2669 million) in comparison to Rs. 625 crore (US$ 155 million) estimated in the year 2007-08.
TOP ITEMS OF TELECOM EQUIPMENTS EXPORT
Telephone sets including mobile phones remains the top item of export during the year 2008-09 as well. Exports of telephone sets registered a very high growth of 9117 percent (7967 percent in US$ Terms) in the year 2008-09 over the year 2007-08. In value terms export of telephone sets increased from Rs. 121 crores (US$ 30 Million) estimated in 2007-08 to Rs. 11142 crore (US$ 2423 million) in the year 2008-09. Communication Equipment used for jamming has emerged as 2nd top item of export under telecom equipments. Export of this item is estimated to be Rs. 600 crore (US$ 130 million) during the year 2008-09. Export of other transmission apparatus also registered very high growth. Set top box has emerged as another top item of export under telecom equipments during the year 2008-09. Set top box export increased from Rs. 15 crore estimated in 2007-08 to Rs. 277 crore (US$ 60 million) during the year 2008-09. Over 99 percent of set top boxes were exported to USA alone. Other major items of exports during 2008-09 are multiplexes, coaxial cables, Satellite, communication equipment etc.
DESTINATIONS OF TELECOM EQUIPMENTS EXPORTS
Singapore and other South Asian countries maintain their position of top destination for Indias export of telecom equipments during 2008-09 as well. 35.91 percent of Indias telecom equipments export is destined to this region. Export of telecom equipments to this region is estimated at Rs. 4408 crore (US$ 958 million) during the year 2008-09. Export of telecom equipments to Africa registered a high growth of 2621 percent (2282 percent in US$ terms) during the year 2008-09 over the year 2007-08. This regions remain the 2nd top destination of export. Export to Middle East, EU countries, Non-EU Countries, North America, Far East, LAC and CIS registered high growth in export of Telecom Equipment from India during 2008-09. Export to Australia and other Oceanic countries registered decline in export of Telecom Equipments during 2008-09.